Food Safety
Online ISSN : 2187-8404
ISSN-L : 2187-8404
Risk assessment report: Antimicrobial-resistant Bacteria
Enramycin Used for Food Producing Animals: Risk of Antimicrobial-resistant Bacteria
Food Safety Commission of Japan
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2015 Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 34-35


The Food Safety Commission of Japan (FSCJ) conducted a risk assessment on antimicrobial-resistant bacteria resulting from the use of enramycin designated as a feed additive in livestock animals. Enramycin is not used in human. Moreover, no reports are available on bacterial cross-resistance between enramycin and other antimicrobials with enramycin-like chemical structures and modes of action. The lack of the cross resistance has also been suggested by differences in precise mechanisms of their actions. Investigations of acquiring antimicrobial-resistance have suggested possible generation of enramycin resistance in Gram-positive bacteria such as enterococcus and Staphylococcus aureus, but enramycin-resistant enterococcus has not been reported. Field investigations on drug susceptibility of Clostridium perfringens derived from chickens have shown low minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of enramycin without significant annual variations. Emergence of food-derived antimicrobial-resistant bacteria hazardous to human health is unlikely based on these results of hazard identification, although a possible selection of enramycin-resistant bacteria due to its use in livestock animals cannot be neglected. Thus, FSCJ concluded that the risk to human health of the food-derived antimicrobial-resistant bacteria selected through the use of enramycin in livestock animals is “Negligible”.

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© 2015 Food Safety Commission, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan
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