2001 年 76 巻 1 号 p. 39-46
Nucleotide sequence polymorphisms of the intron of the chloroplast trnK (UUU) gene, including a matK gene, were investigated within two wild Fagopyrum species, F. leptopodum and F. statice, to assess the degree and pattern of the inter- and intranspecific differences in coding and noncoding chloroplast DNA regions in higher plants. Ten and five accessions were used for F. leptopodum and F. statice, respectively. The length of the trnK intron region in these species ranged from 2494 to 2506 bp. In the trnK intron, the net nucleotide substitution number per site (Da) between the two species was 0.00109, lower than the nucleotide diversity (π), 0.00195 for F. leptopodum and 0.00144 for F. statice, suggesting a low level of interspecific divergence. This result seems to be due to the phylogenetic pattern that both species are interspersed with each other, which was revealed by the phylogenetic analyses based on the nucleotide substitutions and indels. In the matK gene region (1524 bp), seven and two nucleotide substitutions were found within F. leptopodum and F. statice, respectively. All of the nine nucleotide substitutions (eight of which were nonsynonymous) within and between F. leptopodum and F. statice were clustered in the 5' part of the matK gene region, and no variation was found in the 3' part. This suggests that most of the 3' part is occupied by the conserved domains that are important for the binding activity of the gene product to the precursor mRNA, and therefore implies that the 3' part is more functionally constrained than the 5' part.