2001 年 76 巻 4 号 p. 243-250
To determine the genetic relationships among domestic dog breeds, we performed both a sequence comparison of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and an amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLP) analysis. Three of four regions of mtDNA, cytochrome b, cytochrome oxidase subunit II, and 16S rRNA genes were highly homogeneous among dog breeds, whereas the other region, the control region, showed relatively high polymorphisms with a maximum percentage difference of 3.18%. However, the control region showed extensive polymorphism even within breeds, and the relationship tree derived from the data could not clearly delimit distinct breeds. 19 EcoRI/MseI primer combinations were used to generate AFLP markers among 25 dogs from 11 breeds including three Korean native dogs. These amplification reactions allowed the detection of more than 1900 amplification products of which 408 were identified as polymorphic bands. Unrooted neighbor-joining tree based on dissimilarity values showed that the Korean native dogs were clustered together with the Asian dogs and that the Asian originated dogs were clustered separately from Western originated dogs. A consensus tree using parsimony method also showed Korean native dogs were grouped separately from the other dogs with moderate bootstrap values. Taken together, it is concluded that AFLP analysis is a more informative tool for revealing genetic relationships among dog breeds than mtDNA sequence comparsion.