2021 Volume 3 Issue 3 Pages 142-148
This study aims to evaluate the current status and perspectives on the use of Japanese long-term care (LTC) claims databases for research. We conducted a comprehensive literature search of PubMed and the Japan Medical Abstracts Society (Ichushi-Web), focusing on LTC claims data analyses published between 2000 and 2020. We summarized the study characteristics, database characteristics, and the research areas related to health services that were studied. In total, 86 journal articles (12 in Japanese and 74 in English) were included in our review. A particularly remarkable increase in the number of publications from 2016 to 2020 was observed. We extracted more publications with combined databases (n = 64) than those that only used a single source of the LTC claims databases (n = 22). More than half of the studies analyzed healthcare expenditure, healthcare utilization, and quality of care which were relevant to health services research. The most frequently mentioned limitation was the lack of validation in variables stored in the LTC claims databases. In conclusion, the LTC claims databases could serve as important sources of information for the evaluation of healthcare delivery, quality of care, and LTC policy.