14 巻 (2017) 1 号 p. 74-83
How old are Japanese nurses-to-be when they enter nursing school? Are they enrolled as future nurses immediately after graduating from high school? Are there a number of aged freshpersons who choose a career of nursing after they have worked in other fields? This paper tries to make clear current situations in which Japanese nurses have to take into account their age and educational backgrounds when they choose a nurse training institution. By an examination of reports by Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, the following comes out. In 4-year university course and 3-year junior college program most enrolled students are under the age of 20. On the other hand, in the 3-year program of nursing school, while a greater part of new students are under 20, the years of age of the others range widely from 20s to 30s. This group also includes graduates of 4-year universities who studied other subjects. The oldest student that entered the 2-year nursing course was over 40 years old. From this result, it is inferred that such age-specific differences will appear from economic reasons related to the number of years of study and tuition and scholastic ability.