The Horticulture Journal
Online ISSN : 2189-0110
Print ISSN : 2189-0102
ISSN-L : 2189-0102

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Physiological Investigation of Quantitative Traits for Fruit Mass Assessment Using a Tomato Introgression Line
Haruna YadaChihiro MatsumotoXiaonan XieKazuhisa KatoHiroki Ikeda
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication
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Article ID: UTD-356


Fruit mass is an important factor for determining the yield of tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), with higher mass being an important objective. Most fruit traits, including fruit mass, are quantitative, and numerous quantitative trait loci (QTL) control these traits. Previous studies investigating tomato introgression lines (ILs) revealed several QTLs for fruit yield, and suggested that IL12-1 is a potential line to increase fruit mass. Our aim was to facilitate genetic studies of the diverse characteristics of wild relatives of tomato. Therefore, tomato ILs from a cross between Solanum pennellii and the cultivar S. lycopersicum ‘M82’ were used. ILs that carry a S. pennellii chromosome segment on chromosome 12 of ‘M82’ were evaluated further for fruit mass expansion and regulation. IL12-1-1, a subline of IL12-1, was found to produce large ripening fruits compared with ‘M82’, a phenotype that resulted in increased pericarp thicknesses. To investigate the physiological mechanisms contributing to the increased fruit mass of IL12-1-1, the cell counts of fruit pericarp tissues during fruit development were evaluated. Cell numbers of IL12-1-1 fruit pericarp at 20 days after flowering were higher than those of ‘M82’, a difference that most likely occurred during the cell division phase. In addition, the levels of the phytohormones auxin and cytokinin, which are known to be related to cell division of the fruit tissue, were higher in IL12-1-1 compared with ‘M82’. Therefore, differences in these phytohormones between ‘M82’ and IL12-1-1 may be affected by the number of cells in the pericarp tissues. Expression analysis of Solyc12g005250 (SlKLP) and Solyc12g005310 (SlGH3-15), which are located in the IL12-1-1 region of the S. pennellii chromosome, showed significant differences between ‘M82’ and IL12-1-1 during the cell division phase; a better understanding of IL12-1-1 cellular and molecular features can contribute to the breeding and increased production of tomato crops.

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