2006 Volume 126 Issue 12 Pages 1712-1721
This paper examines the cogging torque of permanent magnet motors resulting from the magnetic anisotropy of non-oriented steel sheets used for magnetic core. The cogging torque due to the magnetic anisotropy is calculated by FEM using two modeling methods; one is the newly developed method which takes account of the two-dimensional magnetic properties in arbitrary directions, and the other is the conventional method which uses only two magnetization curves both in rolling and transverse directions. In the proposed method, the measured magnetic properties are treated in two different ways; in the first way the data are used directly, and in the second way the data are interpolated using Bèzier surface. As a result, all of three models show the cogging torque component resulting from the magnetic anisotropy, that has less pulsation numbers per rotation than that of isotropic model. The difference of the cogging torque amplitude between the three models is small in the region of low magnetic flux density, however, it gradually becomes large along with the increase in magnetic flux density. The measured results of cogging torque is proximate to the results calculated by two-dimensional magnetic property method using the magnetic property data directly. The error is approximately 4% at the point where the cogging torque component resulting from the magnetic anisotropy is maximum.