In order to devise countermeasures for harmonic disturbances and harmonic suppression in power systems effectively, it is necessary to develop a harmonic analysis approach with high accuracy. The major harmonic analysis approach is to recreate harmonic distribution in a power system model by using a simulation method. However, in order to carry out high accuracy estimation of the harmonic distribution using the simulation method, after creating a load model which consists of several parameters associated with the measured harmonic impedance, the optimal load model parameters must be determined. So far, appropriate load model parameters have been determined by trial and error. Therefore, a systematic approach to determine the optimal load model parameters is needed to estimate the measured harmonic impedance with high accuracy.
In this paper, a determination method for the optimal load model parameters to estimate the measured harmonic impedance is proposed. The proposed method is based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), which is one of optimization methods by using concept of swarm intelligence. In order to check the validity of the proposed method, the load model parameters estimated by the proposed method are evaluated using test data and filed data of Hokuriku electric power company.