2005 Volume 44 Issue 10 Pages 1084-1087
A 50-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital because of acute renal failure and thrombocytopenia. Due to rapid enlargement of the kidney, we first suspected that she had diffuse renal invasion of anaplastic carcinoma or lymphoma of the kidney. Anti-bacterial treatment for complicated urinary tract infection and hemodialysis treatment resulted in recovery of both renal function and thrombocytopenia. Serial CT study demonstrated disappearance of kidney swelling and multiple masses within the kidney. We finally made a diagnosis of acute multifocal bacterial nephritis. Timely initiation of dialysis therapy and appropriate anti-bacterial treatment was essential to rescue this case.