Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
CASE REPORTS
An Ineffective Differential Diagnosis of Infective Endocarditis and Rheumatic Heart Disease after Streptococcal Skin and Soft Tissue Infection
Tetsuya SuzukiMomoko MawatariToshihiko IizukaTatsuya AmanoSatoshi KutsunaYoshihiro FujiyaNozomi TakeshitaKayoko HayakawaNorio Ohmagari
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2017 Volume 56 Issue 17 Pages 2361-2365

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Abstract

We herein report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a skin and soft tissue infection at her extremities. The blood culture results were positive for Streptococcus pyogenes, and we started treatment using ampicillin and clindamycin, although subsequent auscultation revealed a new-onset heart murmur. We therefore suspected rheumatic heart disease and infective endocarditis. The case met both the Jones criteria and the modified Duke criteria. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed vegetation on the aortic valve, although the pathological findings were also compatible with both rheumatic heart disease and infective endocarditis. The present findings suggest that these two diseases can coexist in some cases.

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© 2017 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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