Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
The Clinical Utility of Relative Bradycardia for Identifying Cases of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia: A Retrospective Pneumonia Cohort Study
Takao WakabayashiHiroyoshi Iwata
Author information
Supplementary material

2023 Volume 62 Issue 13 Pages 1931-1938


Objective Both coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia and relative bradycardia are common conditions among clinicians; however, the association between these has not been well studied. The present study assessed whether or not relative bradycardia on admission was more predominant in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia than in those with other infectious pneumonia.

Methods For this single-center, retrospective cohort study, we collected data through electronic medical records and examined the occurrence of relative bradycardia on admission. We used logistic regression analyses to compare outcomes with and without relative bradycardia on admission. The primary outcome was COVID-19 pneumonia. The secondary outcome was hypoxemia during the hospital stay. We performed multivariable regression with adjusting for the effects of age, sex, healthcare-associated pneumonia, body mass index, Charlson comorbidity index, and bilateral infiltration on computed tomography (CT) as confounding factors.

Patients Adult patients with new-onset hospitalized infectious pneumonia confirmed by CT between January 1, 2020, and July 31, 2021.

Results This study included 395 participants. On admission, 87 (22.0%) participants exhibited relative bradycardia, and 302 (76.5%) participants had COVID-19. Relative bradycardia on admission was not significantly associated with COVID-19 pneumonia [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.32; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.49-3.54, p=0.588] but was associated with hypoxemia (adjusted OR 4.74; 95%CI 2.64-8.52, p<0.001).

Conclusion The study results showed that relative bradycardia on admission was not associated with COVID-19 in cases of infectious pneumonia. However, relative bradycardia may be associated with the incidence of hypoxemia in pneumonia.

Content from these authors
© 2023 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
Previous article Next article