2023 Volume 62 Issue 19 Pages 2859-2863
A 59-year-old man developed diabetes at 24 years old and underwent hemodialysis at 42 years old. At 54 years old, cardiac dysfunction with left ventricular hypertrophy was detected, followed by complete atrioventricular block at 57 years old. The patient was diagnosed with mitochondrial disease based on a myocardial biopsy and the presence of a mitochondrial DNA mutation (3243A>G). He died of septic shock at 59 years old, and an autopsy confirmed mitochondrial cardiomyopathy. If progressive cardiac hypertrophy and conduction disturbances are observed in patients with diabetes mellitus on long-term hemodialysis, mitochondrial disease needs to be considered.