International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development
Online ISSN : 2187-3666
ISSN-L : 2187-3666
Main Section: Resilient Cities: Economic, Environmental and Social Perspective
Spatial Planning and Management based on Stages for Evacuation Shelters using elementary Schools in Japan
Yuya YamatoZhenjiang ShenRifai Mardin
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2019 Volume 7 Issue 3 Pages 63-78

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Abstract

Elementary schools are usually designated as evacuation shelters during a disaster. Based on this regulation, it is essential to plan the evacuation space in evacuation shelters, including for disaster management control centres, crisis centres, and so on. Since the primary function of the elementary school is for educational activities, it is also essential to consider the education space during the use as an evacuation shelter. When making an evacuation shelter management plan, it is necessary to examine the relationship between the evacuation space and the education space. Based on this relationship, it is possible to show the utilized area. In addition, it is essential to consider the process of operating an evacuation shelter from the occurrence of a disaster based on the stage of evacuation. This study aims to show a method of spatial planning based on floor area distribution and management depending on the stage of evacuation. This investigation confirms the priority level of activity spaces for both the evacuation and education needs. The research confirms the priority level of facilities (activity space needed) for planning the evacuation space and the education space. In addition, the research conducts classification of type by prioritizing activity space between the evacuation space and the education space. The result identifies four types of spatial planning and management methods based on stage of evacuation.

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© 2019 SPSD Press.
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