1995 年 10 巻 p. 74-87,125
This article examines the 1989 direct elections to the European parliament, particularly the case of France.
The french campaigne of the elections was personalized by the heads of the lists. The period of the campaigne was very short, and the contents of the campaigne were, very ambiguous, unclear and abstract. The main themes of the french political parties were, the socislist's “The New Land”, Giscard's “the Chance”, Veil's “the Centerist for Europe”, the communist's “the another Europe”, LePen's “Europe of the fatherlands”, and the Greens concept of “Ecological Europe”.
Low turnout of European Elections was the result of mixing with different factors-the attitude to European Integration, compulsory or noncompulsory voting, lacking interest in European Affiars, personal reasons and so on-.
In European level, the results of the elections were, in turn, maintaining the balance between the Socialists and the Christian Democrats, radical raising of the Ecologists, dividing the communists into the two groupes and obstinate remaining of the extreme Right.
In France, first of all, one of the results of the elections was the win of the list of Giscard d'Esting, but his victory was not a absolute one. Secondly, nobody could not predict the failure of the veil's list. For centerrist, especially for Veil, this meant the failure of the autonomous strategy. Third, the situation of the socialist, strictly speaking, neither winner nor loser, was the stagnation. Forth nature of the elections was the radical development of the french Green party. This ecological trend was very european. Fifth characteristics of the elections was the stabilization of the National Front, the french extreme right party. Finally the power of the french traditional communist party was, clearly, falling.