1998 年 13 巻 p. 189-197,274
The British general election in 1997 was an election in which so many record were broken. The Conservative share of the vote, 31.4%, was the lowest since the first modern election after the First Reform Act in 1832. This was the first time the Conservative returned no MPs in Scotland. It was the second time that the Conservative secured no seats in Wales.
The swing from the Conservative to the Labour was 10.0%. This was a second record after World War II. Blair could not beat the record of the Labour in 1945. But Blair was returned with 419 MPs and an overall majority of 179. This was the biggest in Labour's history. The Liberal Democrats experienced their best election for nearly 70 yeras. Their total, 46 seats, was last higher in 1929.
This paper analyzes the Labour's landslide victory from three points of view. The first is the analysis of regional voting behavior. The second is the analysis by social demographic factors. The impacts of the election system as well as the boundary changes on election result is finally analyzed. Some reasons for the Conservatives defeat and the Labour victory are explained in final part.