2017 Volume 11 Issue 2 Pages JAMDSM0018
This paper aims to describe an in-plane detaching resistance of a white-coated paperboard subjected to a peeling deformation. Since the paperboard is composed of fibrous plies, its detaching mechanism seems to be different from a crack propagation of a fragile material. In this work, an internal breaking criteria and transient de-lamination of a weak-bonded layer of paperboard was experimentally investigated through a peel cohesion test (PCT), and its detaching resistance was estimated with a fluffing model using a finite element method (FEM) code to characterize the peeling deformation of the weak-bonded layer. A white-coated paperboard of 0.45 mm thickness (basis weight of 350 g·m-2) was chosen for conducting a PCT and z-directional (out-of-plane) tensile test (ZDTT). The relationship between the pulling force and curvature of delaminated upper layer of the paperboard were discussed; moreover, the anaphase yielding resistance of detaching was analyzed through ZDTT. The peeled deformation of PCT was analyzed using the isotropic elasticity FEM model, which was developed through the ring crush test. The results were as follows: (1) The in-plane detaching resistance of whitecoated paperboard by PCT is experimentally characterized for observing with the maximum peak at early stage and the stationary line force. These line forces are almost independent of the paper-making direction. (2) A fluffing profile of the de-laminated layer and the thickness of the peeled upper layer experimentally depend on the pulling velocity. (3) Regarding the detaching resistance of peeled layer, a fluffing model was proposed in the developed simulation model. Equivalent fibers based fluffing model that were derived from a ZDTT experiment (approximated as discretely distributed nonlinear springs) well explains the existence of the peak point of peeling force and saturated peel resistance.