Journal of Japan Academy of Nursing Science
Online ISSN : 2185-8888
Print ISSN : 0287-5330
ISSN-L : 0287-5330
Original Articles
The 3rd Grade Nursing Students’ Learning of the Practicum in Multi-tasking and Shadowing Practice to Integrate the Knowledge and the Skills were Learned
Mari OkadaTakiko ImaiMakoto InoueMiyako KondoAkemi TorobuMichiko FunahashiTsuneo NagaiNaomi Matsumori
Author information

2017 Volume 37 Pages 446-455


This study aimed to describe the learning of the practicum in multi-tasking and shadowing practice for nursing students before the establishment of the clinical practices of each nursing area (the practices). Participants were 61 third-grade nursing students at one university: 7 male students and 54 female students. Data were the reports handed after the practices and were analyzed using a qualitative descriptive method from the viewpoint that “What did the nursing students learn throw the practices? ”

Research participants were 29 students (47.5%) among the 61 students. Results of the learning outcomes through the practices were 7 categories as follows: 1) requirements for independence as a nurse, 2) practical thinking to manage multi-tasking, 3) building relationships among the team-nursing staff, 4) management the team members and the system of the ward, 5) accurate information exchange among the nursing team and multi-disciplinary professional team, 6) offering patient-centered nursing approaches, 7) defining self-challenges or tasks for future nursing practices.

We could obtain these learning for 3rd grade students that the other studies obtained for 4th grade. Furthermore, we thought the outcome that each category connected “offering patient-centered nursing approaches”.

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© 2017 Japan Academy of Nursing Science
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