2011 Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 135-157
The aim of this study was to explore the psychological meanings of Kanashibari based on narratives provided by adolescents who had experienced this phenomenon. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 university students, and the verbatim transcripts of these interviews served as the data for an interpretative phenomenological analysis. The data revealed two themes that can be broadly described in terms of conflicts between dependence and independence and between the "looking self" and the "looked-at self". The theme related to conflicts between dependence and independence consisted of "dissatisfaction or suppression of dependence" and "anxiety or guilt about independence". The theme concerning "conflicts between the looking self and the looked-at self" consisted of "crises regarding self-identity and alienation", "consciousness of being looked at by others", and "consciousness of being looked at by the ‘ideal self’". These themes were considered to be related to the conflicts that characterise adolescence.