2018 年 30 巻 p. 51-64
With increasing social attention on conserving industrial heritage in Japan, the actors and social contexts of conservation have been diversified for the last decade. However, few studies have examined the dynamics taking place within local communities in the construction and diffusion of the cultural values of industrial heritage. This study focuses on the process of construction and diffusion within specific communities and accounts for the variety of motives and methodologies regarding conservation for multi-dimensional local actors. Moreover, based on the achievements of previous studies, this article shows the potential for the practice of conserving heritage sites that are excluded from official legislation by the local actors. This article is based on data from fieldwork conducted by the author at the Ikuno material mine sites in Hyogo Prefecture. The main findings of this study are as follows. Conservation practices for industrial heritage sites in Ikuno are a loose ensemble of multiple actions undertaken by locals working from different concerns and, therefore, focusing on a wide range of objects derived from the former mining industry. Each movement has arisen from social and economic necessities, which reflect contemporary social conditions within communities. Although the variety of motivations among local actors can lead to conflict, we have determined that there is potential for cooperation among them. The key is the breadth of residents' shared perceptions regarding a common symbolic reference for the industrial heritage site as a milieu framing the collective memories of the former industry. This study indicates that symbolism is not related to industry but to relevant livelihoods in which multiple layers of residents have sufficient experience.