2018 年 25 巻 p. 115-125
This paper conceptually considers two approaches that live together in response to the children’s poverty problem. The first of the two approaches is the investment approach. This is to see children as a useful investment destination for economic growth and a strong economy based on the idea that neglecting children’s poverty is an economic loss. In this approach, children are a means for investment return and not an end in themselves. In addition, such an approach leads to the selection of children worth investing in and“an exclusive society”. The second approach is a well-being approach. This approach does not view children as a means only. but as a primary objective in themselves, and is based on the idea of social investment which is distinguished from economic investment. This leads to universal policy formation and “inclusive society”.