2006 年 13 巻 2 号 p. 77-81
Adult stem cells hold great promise for use in tissue repair and regeneration, and the delivery of autologous progenitor cells into ischemic tissue is emerging as a novel therapeutic option. We and others have recently demonstrated the potential impact of adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ADSC) on regenerative cell therapy for ischemic diseases. The main benefit of ADSC is that they can be easily harvested from patients by a simple, minimally invasive method and also easily cultured. Cultured ADSC can be induced to differentiate into not only adipocytes, but also bone, neurons or endothelial cells in certain conditions. Interestingly, they secrete a number of angiogenesis-related cytokines, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which might be suitable for regenerative cell therapy for ischemic diseases. In the ischemic mouse hindlimb, the angiogenic score was improved in the ADSC-treated group. Moreover, recent reports demonstrated that these ADSC can also be induced to differentiate into cardiac myocytes. These adipose tissue-derived cells have potential in angiogenic cell therapy for ischemic disease, and might be applied for regenerative cell therapy instead of bone marrow cells in the near future.