Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Online ISSN : 1880-5086
Print ISSN : 0912-0009
ISSN-L : 0912-0009
Serial Reviews
Oxidative Stress and Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Gastrointestinal Tract and Antioxidant, Protective Agents
Makoto SasakiTakashi Joh
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2007 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 1-12


Exacerbation of hypoxic injury after reoxygenation is a crucial mechanism mediating organ injury in transplantation, and in myocardial, hepatic, gastrointestinal, cerebral, renal, and other ischemic syndromes. The occlusion and reperfusion of the splanchnic artery is a useful animal model to elucidate the mechanism of gastrointestinal injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Although xanthine oxidase is a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which plays an important role in the I/R-induced intestinal injury, there are many other sources of intracellular ROS. Various treatment modalities have been successfully applied to attenuate the I/R injury in animal models. This review focuses on the role of oxidant stress in the mechanism of I/R injury and the use of antioxidant agents for its treatment.

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© 2007 by The Editorial Secretariat of JCBN
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