2021 Volume 68 Issue 2 Pages 116-122
The effects of reaction environments on the radical-scavenging mechanisms of ascorbic acid (AscH2) were investigated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH•) as a reactivity model of reactive oxygen species. Water-insoluble DPPH• was solubilized by β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) in water. The DPPH•-scavenging rate of AscH2 in methanol (MeOH) was much slower than that in phosphate buffer (0.05 M, pH 7.0). An organic soluble 5,6-isopropylidene-l-ascorbic acid (iAscH2) scavenged DPPH• much slower in acetonitrile (MeCN) than in MeOH. In MeOH, Mg(ClO4)2 significantly decelerated the DPPH•-scavenging reaction by AscH2 and iAscH2, while no effect of Mg(ClO4)2 was observed in MeCN. On the other hand, Mg(ClO4)2 significantly accelerated the reaction between AscH2 and β-CD-solubilized DPPH• (DPPH•/β-CD) in phosphate buffer (0.05 M, pH 6.5), although the addition of 0.05 M Mg(ClO4)2 to the AscH2–DPPH•/β-CD system in phosphate buffer (0.05 M, pH 7.0) resulted in the change in pH of the phosphate buffer to be 6.5. Thus, the DPPH•-scavenging reaction by iAscH2 in MeCN may proceed via a one-step hydrogen-atom transfer, while an electron-transfer pathway is involved in the reaction between AscH2 and DPPH•/β-CD in phosphate buffer solution. These results demonstrate that the DPPH•-scavenging mechanism of AscH2 are affected by the reaction environments.