Online ISSN : 1347-4839
Print ISSN : 0047-1828
ISSN-L : 0047-1828
Clinical Studies
New Combined Spasm Provocation Test in Patients With Rest Angina
- Intracoronary Injection of Acetylcholine After Intracoronary Administration of Ergonovine -
Shozo SuedaTakaaki OchiKazuo YanoKazuaki MineoiTadashi KondouNaoto OchiYutaka HayashiHitoshi KukitaShouzou MatsudaHiroyuki KawadaTakashi TsuruokaTadao Uraoka
ジャーナル フリー

2000 年 64 巻 8 号 p. 559-565


The incidence of provoked coronary spasm with the standard single spasm provocation test has been relatively low in patients with rest angina. The present study examined the clinical usefulness of a newly designed spasm provocation test, an intracoronary injection of acetylcholine (ACh) following an ergonovine (ER) test, in patients with rest angina who demonstrated low disease activity and atypical chest pain. Triple sequential spasm provocation tests were performed in 24 patients with atypical chest pain who had no ischemia and in 40 patients with rest angina who had distinct ischemia. Initially, an ACh test (20-100μg) and then an ER test (40-64μg) were performed and then, if no spasm was provoked, an intracoronary injection of ACh was given after the ER test to evaluate coronary spasm. Coronary spasm was defined as total or subtotal occlusion. In the 24 patients with atypical chest pain, no spasm was provoked by intracoronary injection of either ACh or ER, but coronary spasms were induced in 2 patients using the new method, with the remaining 22 not experiencing spasm (specificity of new method, 92%). In the 40 patients with rest angina, intracoronary injection of ACh induced coronary spasm in 22 patients (group I) and 6 (group II) demonstrated spasm with intracoronary injection of ER. Coronary spasm was not induced by either the ACh test or the ER test in 12 patients (group III). The intracoronary administration of ACh after the ER test provoked spasm in 11 of 12 patients. Diffuse spasms were provoked in 10 of 11 patients. In patients with rest angina, the frequency of chest pain attacks in 1 month experienced by patients in group III (0.8±0.8) was significantly lower than that of patients in group I (7.0±5.3, p<0.01) or II (3.5±2.3, p<0.05). No serious or irreversible complications related to this new combined method were observed. In conclusion, this method was safe and reliable for the induction of coronary spasm in patients with rest angina who may have low disease activity.

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