認知科学
Online ISSN : 1881-5995
Print ISSN : 1341-7924
ISSN-L : 1341-7924
特集―認知における内的, 外的資源
代替推論
バーワイズ ジョン下嶋 篤
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

1995 年 2 巻 4 号 p. 4_7-4_27

詳細
抄録

Surrogate reasoning is reasoning whose task is partially taken over by operations on external aids, such as sentences, diagrams, physical models, mathematical models, and computers. Drawing on the basic concepts in situation theory, we present a semi-formal model of surrogate reasoning. We claim that the relative advantages and disadvantages of different forms of surrogate reasoning can be explained with reference to the ways in which the default constraints on surrogates intervene in the processes of reasoning. We define and examine two prominent patterns of such constraint intervention (dubbed “free rides” and “overdetermined alternatives”). We also introduce the notion of “constraint projection” and try to capture the general framework in which different forms of constraint intervention take place in surrogate reasoning.

著者関連情報
© 1995 日本認知科学会
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top