Article ID: JE20180274
Background: Epidemiological studies have shown that high circulating cystatin C is associated with a risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) independent of creatinine-based renal function measurements. The present study investigated the comparison between the cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFRcys) and creatinine-based GFR (GFRcr) to determine whether these measurements are associated with CV biomarkers and elevated CVD risk in a general Japanese population.
Methods: The Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization pooled individual participant data from a general population-based cohort study in Iwate prefecture (n = 29,375). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was estimated using the GFRcys, GFRcr and the urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR).
Results: The prevalence of CKD in the participants was found to be higher based on the GFRcr than the GFRcys. Multiple variable analyses after adjusting for baseline characteristics showed that high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were associated with the GFRcys. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve for identifying individuals with a high Suita score was higher for the GFRcys (AUROC = 0.68) than it was for the GFRcr (AUROC = 0.64, P < 0.001). The GFRcys provided reclassification improvement for the CVD risk prediction model by the GFRcr (net reclassification improvement = 0.341; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.018, respectively, P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The GFRcys is more closely associated with CV biomarkers, including hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP levels, and a high Suita score than the GFRcr, and it provides additional value in the assessment of CVD risk using GFRcr.