The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
Online ISSN : 1349-8037
Print ISSN : 0022-1260
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Klebsiella alba sp. nov., a novel pesticide-tolerant bacterium from a heavily polluted environment
Junfeng XuWenjun LiXiaoyun ChenYu Zhou
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2010 Volume 56 Issue 3 Pages 241-247

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Abstract

A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and pesticide (chlorpyrifos and atrazine) tolerant strain, designated CW-D 3T, was isolated from a heavily polluted soil sample in Jiangsu Province, China. The strain could tolerate about 800μg ml-1 atrazine or chlorpyrifos when added in TYB medium. A polyphasic taxonomy including phylogenetic and phenotypic analysis was performed on the new isolate. Phylogenetic analysis and chemotaxonomic characteristics revealed that strain CW-D 3T belongs to the genus Klebsiella. Its closest phylogenetic neighbors were K. singaporensis (strain LX3T), three subspecies of K. pneumoniae (strains ATCC 13883T, ATCC 13884T and ATCC 11296T) and K. granulomatis, according to 16S rRNA and rpoB gene analysis. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity was about 94.8-97.6% and the rpoB gene sequence similarity was about 96.8-98.6% to its phylogenetic neighbors. Strain CW-D 3T also showed low DNA-DNA reassociation values (less than 21%) with respect to the three subspecies of K. pneumoniae and Klebsiella singaporensis. Its major fatty acids were C14:0, C16:0, c-C17:0 and c-C19:0 ω8c. The G+C content of the DNA was 58.3 mol%. Phylogenetic and phenotypic results supported the assignment of CW-D 3T as a novel species of the genus Klebsiella, for which the name Klebsiella alba sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CW-D 3T (=LMG 24441T=KCTC 12878T =CCTCC AB 206144T).

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© 2010 by The Applied Microbiology, Molecular and Cellular Biosciences Research Foundation
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