2013 Volume 59 Issue 6 Pages 405-415
A full-length cDNA sequence of Aoxyn10, a gene encoding a glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 10 xylanase from Aspergillus oryzae, was amplified from the total RNA by 3′ and 5′ rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The cDNA sequence is 1,689 bp, containing 5′, 3′ untranslated regions and a 1,422 bp open reading frame (ORF) that encodes a 21-aa signal peptide and a 452-aa mature peptide (designated AoXyn10). Multi-alignment revealed that AoXyn10 contains two regions: a catalytic domain (CD) and a family 1 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM1). The three-dimensional (3-D) structure of the CD was predicted by multiple template-based homology modeling. A 2,308-bp complete DNA sequence of Aoxyn10 was obtained from the genomic DNA by both pUCm-T vector-mediated and conventional PCRs, harboring 5′, 3′ flanking regulatory regions, five exons and four introns. Moreover, Aoxyn10 was extracellularly expressed in Pichia pastoris. One transformant labeled as P. pastoris GS/Xyn4-11 was selected, expressing the highest recombinant AoXyn10 (named reAoXyn10) activity of 45.0 U/ml. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that reAoXyn10, a glycoprotein with an apparent molecular weight (M.W.) of about 56.0 kDa, was secreted into the cultured medium. The purified reAoXyn10 displayed the maximum activity at pH 5.5 and 60°C. It was stable at a pH range of 4.0−7.0, and at 50°C or below. Its activity was not affected by an array of metal ions or EDTA, but was inhibited by Mn2+ and Ba2+. The Km and Vmax of reAoXyn10 were 1.7 mg/ml and 817 μmol/min/mg, respectively.