Volume 64 (2018) Issue 2 Pages 55-61
Lactococcus lactis is a probiotic bacterium that produces various bacteriocins. Periodontopathogens induce inflammation and halitosis through the actions of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and trypsin-like enzymes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of L. lactis on the bioactivity of periodontopathogens. To investigate the antimicrobial peptide of L. lactis, the spent culture medium (SCM) of L. lactis was treated with or without proteinase K after collection by centrifugation, and the antibacterial activity of SCM against periodontopathogens was assessed. To evaluate the neutralizing effect of L. lactis on halitosis, SCM of periodontopathogens was mixed with an L. lactis suspension, and the levels of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) were measured by gas chromatography. LPS from the periodontopathogens was extracted by an LPS extraction kit with little modification, and THP-1 cells as a monocytic cell line were treated with the extracted LPS in the presence or absence of UV-killed L. lactis. The production of inflammatory cytokines was analyzed by ELISA. The SCM of L. lactis exhibited antimicrobial activity against the periodontopathogens, whereas the proteinase K-treated SCM showed little antimicrobial activity. In addition, the L. lactis suspension had a neutralizing effect on the VSCs produced by periodontopathogens, and UV-killed L. lactis inhibited the production of IL-6 and TNF-α induced by the LPS. These results suggest that L. lactis may be a useful probiotic to prevent and treat periodontitis and halitosis.