2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 46-50
Myxococcus xanthus Nudix hydrolase 2 (Nud2) hydrolyzed oxidized deoxynucleotides, such as 8-oxo-dGTP, 8-oxo-dGDP, 8-OH-dTP, and 2-OH-dATP, and showed the highest specific activity toward 8-oxo-dGTP. Mn2+ was the most effective co-factor for stimulating oxidized deoxynucleotide hydrolase activity. The Km of Nud2 with 8-oxo-dGTP for Mn2+ was 19-fold lower than that for Mg2+, and was 2-fold lower than that with dGTP for Mn2+. The specificity constant (kcat/Km) for 8-oxo-dGTP was 6-fold higher than that for dGTP. Nud2 contains a similar Nudix motif (84AX590GX7REX2EEXGX). Replacement of Ala84 and/or Gly90 in the Nudix motif of Nud2 by Gly or Glu had negligible effects on 8-oxo-dGTP hydrolase activity, suggesting that a strict Nudix motif sequence is not essential for complete hydrolase activity of Nud2.