The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
Online ISSN : 1349-8037
Print ISSN : 0022-1260
ISSN-L : 0022-1260
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A novel piperidine degradation mechanism in a newly isolated piperidine degrader Pseudomonas sp. strain KU43P
Taisei YamamotoYaxuan LiuTakaaki SumiyoshiYoshie HasegawaHiroaki Iwaki
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2020 Volume 66 Issue 5 Pages 265-272


The degradation pathways in microorganisms for piperidine, a secondary amine with various applications, are not yet fully understood, especially in non-Mycobacterium species. In this study, we have identified a piperidine-degrading isolate (KU43P) from a soil sample collected in a cultivation field in Osaka, Japan, and characterized its mechanisms of piperidine degradation, thereby furthering current understanding of the process. The genome of isolate KU43P consists of a 5,869,691-bp circular chromosome with 62.67% GC content and with 5,294 predicted protein-coding genes, 77 tRNA genes, and 22 rRNA genes. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and average nucleotide identity analysis suggest that the isolate is a novel species of the Pseudomonas putida group in the genus Pseudomonas. The genomic region encoding the piperidine degradation pathway, designated as the pip gene cluster, was identified using transposon mutagenesis and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Deletion analyses of pipA, which encodes a glutamine synthetase (GS)-like protein, and pipBa, which encodes a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, indicate that pipA and pipBa are involved in piperidine metabolism and suggest that pipA is involved in the first step of the piperidine metabolic pathway. Escherichia coli whole cells overexpressing PipA converted piperidine and glutamate to γ-glutamylpiperidide, and crude cell extract enzyme assays of PipA showed that this reaction requires ATP and Mg2+. These results clearly show that pipA encodes γ-glutamylpiperidide synthetase and that piperidine is first glutamylated and then hydroxylated in the piperidine degradation pathway of Pseudomonas sp. strain KU43P. This study has filled a void in the general knowledge of the microbial degradation of amine compounds

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© 2020, Applied Microbiology, Molecular and Cellular Biosciences Research Foundation
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