1996 Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 51-59
The fermentation activities of three new anaerobic rumen fungi, viz, Neocallimastix variabilis, Piromyces spiralis and P. minutus, and a Caecomyces communis isolate grown on straw and filter paper media were studied. N. variabilis, P. spiralis and P. minutus produced carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase), FPase (filter paper activity) and xylanases when grown on straw and filter paper media. C. communis produced only xylanases. The maximum production of all the enzymes was at 72h of fungal incubation. On both media, N. variabilis showed the highest enzyme activities, followed by P. spiralis and P. minutus. Specific enzyme activities of the three fungal isolates in descending order of production were: Xylanase>CMCase>FPase when grown on straw medium; and CMCase>Xylanase>FPase> cellobiase when grown on filter paper medium. The major end-products of fermentation by the three new fungal isolates were acetate and formate. Ethanol and succinate were produced in low amounts and lactate was not detected. The absence of lactate in the end-products of fermentation observed in this study is the first such report.