1973 年 24 巻 7 号 p. 567-570
In the Heian era, all kinds of implements were called “chodo.” This paper is for showing pilologically how the meaning of implements changed in the Edo era.
According to the dictionaries or the documents published in the period, we can know that the word implements involves two different kinds of the meaning in it; that is, we can call one “chodo” and the other “kizai” or “kiyo.”
In the Edo era, “chodo” means the industrial art objects ornamented by gold or silver lacquer. On the other hand, “kizai” or “kiyo” means what we call functional implements.
The most typical “chodo” of the Edo era is daimyo's “choddo” involving the wedding one for daimyo's daughters, which exists even now as a cultural inheritance. “Kizai” or “kiyo” as functional implements, which was made use of mainly by the common people, little exists for it was dealt with as expendable one.
We can clearly distinguish between the meaning of “chodo” and that of “kizai” or “kiyo” in the Edo era. Nowadays the word “chodo” is used as a kind of pronoun given to luxurious furniture.