2011 Volume 38 Issue 5 Pages 567-573
Purpose: To consider whether family doctors and health check doctors can screen early stages of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's Disease (AD) more easily.
Method: We held the Urakami's simple screening test for dementia in 610 subjects, who underwent a health check at the Department of Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine in Osaka Rosai Hospital. We considered a score beyond 12 (full 15) as MCI. We investigated the relationship between MCI and age, sex, lifestyle-related diseases such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes. We calculated an odds ratio using multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results: Our study demonstrated a high frequency of MCI in elderly people (over 70-years-old) compared to subjects who were not yet 69-years-old. Our data showed a high frequency of MCI in men compared to women. In reference to the relationship between lifestyle-related diseases and MCI, only diabetes contributed as a risk factor for MCI. From the results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis, men, over 70-years-old, diabetes displayed an independent risk factor for subsequent development of dementia (odds ratio 1.9-2.1).
Conclusion: Our data showed that the Urakami's simple screening test for dementia is a very useful tool for dementia prevention.