2020 Volume 31 Issue 1 Pages 47-55
A survey was conducted on the preferences for fish / seafood or meat dishes among children aged 3 and over enrolled in day nurseries in eight different cities (Akita, Sendai, Utsunomiya, Tokyo, Kofu, Nagano, Kurobe, Kochi). Data from 2625 people was analysed three times; in 1996, 2006 and 2016. The findings were as follows:
1. The percentage of children who preferred fish and seafood was highest in 2006, at 74%. The percentage of children who preferred meat was at 73% in 2006 and at 76% in 2016. In the 2016 survey, children in all three age groups preferred meat to fish and seafood. Regional differences in fish and seafood preferences decreased. The 2016 survey showed that children in every region preferred meat to fish and seafood.
2. The most popular types of fish and seafood were shrimp, tuna, salmon, clams, and whitebait. The number of children with a preference for fish and seafood over meat had decreased by 2016 with the exception of salmon.
3. The most popular sauces among the children surveyed were soy sauce, miso, mayonnaise, curry and ketchup.
4. Childrens seafood preferences were influenced by their parents’ preferences for seafood, the children preferences for meat, serving frequency of seafood at dinner and their age.