1998 Volume 46 Issue 4 Pages 432-441
The present study examines the relationship between RNEE (regulation of negative emotional expression) and satisfaction of friendship, and between RNEE and mental health. A questionnaire was developed to examine RNEE. The questionnaire on RNEE, satisfaction of friendship, self-esteem and depression were administered to 311 undergraduate students. Factor analysis of the RNEE scores yielded five factors relating to situations and motives of the regulation: (F1)-prosocial motives in a physically damaging situation; (F2)-prosocial motives in a verbally damaging situation; (F3)-prosocial motives occurring in a situation when a friend met with misfortune; (F4)-prosocial motives relating to a situation involving a friend's happiness and satisfaction; and (F5)-self-protective motives in a situation related to the avoidance of loss of face. It was found that (a) a high score of F2 or F5 in the RNEE was closely related to a low satisfaction of friendship,(b) a high score of Fl, F2, F4 or F5 in the RNEE was related to a low self-esteem, and (c) a high score of F5 in the RNEE was related to a high depression.