2017 Volume 52 Issue 1 Pages 16-20
The medicine box in the Edo era was a kind of drug container for doctors. When doctors went to a patient’s home to give a diagnosis, they usually carried a medicine box. After the doctor diagnosed the patient, he would prescribe one or more medicines from the crude drugs in the box. The medicine box had three to five inner boxes, and the inner boxes were filled with 24 to 30 crude drugs. The crude drugs were each packaged in a paper pouch, and were lined up in an orderly way in the inner boxes. In this way, when the doctor took out a medicine, it would be the correct one. Today, medicine boxes are not used because preparing the medicines is done by pharmacists.