日本生理人類学会誌
Online ISSN : 2432-0986
Print ISSN : 1342-3215
北海道上川地区3 歳児の栄養摂取ならびに主要食品のポーションサイズ
佐藤 香苗菅野 未奈子山内 太郎松村 康弘中山 祥嗣新田 裕史
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2017 年 22 巻 1 号 p. 7-23

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This study aimed to reveal the detailed dietary characteristics of 3-year-old children and to provide information that would be valuable for nutrition education. Subjects were 89 healthy 3-year-old children. Dietary intake was assessed using 7-day semi-weighed food records during April 2012–2013 for 28 days in total (7 days per season). Energy from cereals was low and energy from snacks varied widely between individuals (0.0–40.9%). Calcium intake was 68.6% of the recommended dietary allowance. ABC analysis showed that the major foods contributing to energy/ nutrient intake differed between home and nurseries/kindergartens. Foods that are easily prepared without cooking were frequently eaten at home. Portion sizes of rice and milk were smaller than the recommended amounts, consistent with the observed nutrient intake. These results suggest that assessment of children’s nutrient and habitual dietary intake, food portion sizes, and dietary characteristics can provide a possible approach for designing community- based dietary education.

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