医療薬学
Online ISSN : 1882-1499
Print ISSN : 1346-342X
ISSN-L : 1346-342X
一般論文
Comparison of Roles of Hospital Infection Control Pharmacists in Japan and the United States
Makiko YoshidaAlan T. LeforMasato YamamotoShinichi SugiuraToshitaka Nabeshima
著者情報
キーワード: infection, pharmacist, team, hospital
ジャーナル フリー

2006 年 32 巻 3 号 p. 199-208

詳細
抄録

The inappropriate use of antimicrobials results in the creation of resistant organisms and increases the overall costs of health care. In 2004, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan issued a report on the current state of hospital infection control in Japan. The report mentioned that though 99.8% of 1,364 hospitals in Japan had an active infection control team, only 30.9% of them had guidelines for the appropriate use of antimicrobials.
We investigated the roles of infection control pharmacists (ICPs) at Nagoya University Hospital (NUH) in Japan and compared them with those of ICPs at Cedars Sinai Medical Center (CSMC) in the US with the aim of pinpointing activities of ICPs in Japan that need improvement. NUH is a 1,035-bed national acute tertiary care teaching hospital and CSMC a 900-bed private nonprofit acute tertiary care teaching hospital. The main duties of ICPs at CSMC are the development and implementation of guidelines for the use of antimicrobials, which are approved by the hospital's Executive Committee. The duties of ICPs at NUH are mostly the same as those at CSMC, and they also work on the prevention of nosocomial infection. However, there is still no approval system for the guidelines they draw up. In many hospitals in the US, such guidelines have resulted in cost benefits, and decreases in antimicrobial resistance and length of hospital stays. US systems will serve as a useful model for Japanese ICPs.

著者関連情報
© 2006 Japanese Society of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top