Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Online ISSN : 1882-336X
Print ISSN : 1882-3351
ISSN-L : 1882-3351
Metabolism and Accumulation of Sugars Translocated to Fruit and Their Regulation
Shohei Yamaki
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2010 Volume 79 Issue 1 Pages 1-15


Photoassimilates needed for fruit development are supplied from leaves, converted in fruit to substances relating to the specific quality of the fruit, then accumulate in the fruit. There are various regulation steps in the process from photoassimilate synthesis in leaves to sugar accumulation in fruit: photosynthesis, synthesis of translocation sugars, loading of translocation sugars, their translocation, their unloading, their membrane transport, their metabolic conversion, and compartmentation in vacuoles. Thus, it is important to clarify the mechanism and regulation of each step in fruit development. In this review, mainly the metabolic conversion of translocation sugars and their regulation at the genetic level in fruit are described because the metabolic conversion in fruit contributes greatly to produce the sink activity needed for fruit development.

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© 2010 by Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
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