Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Online ISSN : 1882-336X
Print ISSN : 1882-3351
ISSN-L : 1882-3351
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Floral Pigments from the Blue Flowers of Nemophila menziesii ‘Insignis Blue’ and the Purple Flower of Its Variants
Fumi TatsuzawaKenjiro TokiYuko OhtaniKazuhisa KatoNorio SaitoToshio HondaMasahiro Mii
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2014 Volume 83 Issue 3 Pages 259-266

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Abstract

Two anthocyanins (pigments 1 and 2) were detected from the blue flowers of Nemophila menziesii ‘Insignis blue’ and the purple flowers of its variants as the main floral anthocyanins. These two anthocyanins were isolated from the blue flowers and elucidated to be petunidin 3-O-[6-O-(cis-p-coumaroyl)-β-glucopyranoside]-5-O-[6-O-(malonyl)-β-glucopyranoside] (1) and petunidin 3-O-[6-O-(trans-p-coumaroyl)-β-glucopyranoside]-5-O-[6-O-(malonyl)-β-glucopyranoside] (2), respectively, by chemical and spectroscopic means, and pigment 1 was confirmed as a new anthocyanin in plants. Two flavonol glycosides (pigments 3 and 5) and two flavone glycosides (pigments 4 and 6) were also isolated from the blue flowers, and were identified to be kaempferol 3-(6-rhamnosyl)-glucoside-7-glucoside (3), apigenin 7,4′-di-glucoside (4), kaempferol 3-(2,6-di-rhamnosyl)-glucoside (5), and apigenin 7-glucoside-4′-(6-malonyl)-glucoside (6) as major flavonoids. Among these four flavonoids, however, pigments 4 and 6 (flavones) were not detected in the purple flowers. These results might be attributed to color production in blue and purple flowers.

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© 2014 by Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
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