スポーツ心理学研究
Online ISSN : 1883-6410
Print ISSN : 0388-7014
ISSN-L : 0388-7014
原著論文
アスリートのコツ獲得におけるプロセスモデルの作成
浅野 友之中込 四郎
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ジャーナル フリー

2014 年 41 巻 1 号 p. 35-50

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In this study, kotsu (knack) is defined as a physical movement’s main aspect, subjectively judged by an athlete, enabling him or her to perform the movement. This study aimed to develop a model of external and internal changes in athletes during the process of their acquisition of kotsu for their sport, and to investigate the characteristics of psychological changes that occurred during the acquisition of kotsu. In phase I, to develop a model of the kotsu acquisition process, the cases of 20 top athletes from a previous study on kotsu acquisition were analyzed using the Modified Grounded Theory Approach. Results demonstrated the presence of external changes such as “a motive to acquire kotsu,” “training to acquire kotsu,” and “changes in performance,” and also internal changes such as “desire for change,” “clear ideals,” and “psychological changes.” In phase II, interviews were conducted with 3 athletes, retired and active, who had acquired kotsu in the past, and the characteristics of psychological changes accompanying acquisition were examined to further refine the model developed in phase I. Results indicated that there was an association between external and internal changes at each stage of the kotsu acquisition process. Moreover, when athletes acquired kotsu, they underwent psychological changes such as “cultivation of autonomy,” “self-actualization in competitive environments,” and “building a foundation for future challenges after kotsu acquisition.” Thus, the findings of this study have clarified the process of athletes acquiring kotsu in their sport and also demonstrated the presence of psychological changes accompanying the acquisition of kotsu. The experience of acquiring kotsu also appears to be important for athletes’ personality development.

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© 2014 日本スポーツ心理学会
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