Japan Journal of Sport Sociology
Online ISSN : 2185-8691
Print ISSN : 0919-2751
ISSN-L : 0919-2751
Transformation Process of Burnout Athletes from the Viewpoints of the Theory on Sport Socialization
Takeshi Yoshida
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

1994 Volume 2 Pages 67-79

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Abstract

Studies on athlete's burnout (burnout syndrome) have been conducted since the latter half of 1980s. However we have not understood as yet what have become of burnout athletes (athletes identified as cases of burnout in preceding studies) since.
The purposes of this study are to clarify the transformation process of athlete's burnout through non-directive (free) interviews to 5 burnout athletes and to consider these findings from the new viewpoints of the theory on sport socialization which are one of socialization via sport on and after adolescence and one of paying attention to socializee's active side.
The main findings obtained are summarized as follows:
1) Five burnout athletes each displayed positive subjecthood (autonomy) because they got each emotional support, and overcame the burnout. It seems they built up the subjecthood and identity through such process. That is, they accomplished resocialization via sport.
2) Athletes need to get some emotional support to overcome or to prevent burnout. But in case that they can't get it within close range, they need to display (or build up) the subjecthood by themselves. The effective keys for them to do so are to reflect on themselves actively and to expand the sociality of their each self in point of space or time.
3) In the theory on sport socialization, various problems besides burnout exist not only in boyhood but on and after adolescence. Accordingly the object of the study on socialization via sport must be expanded to adolescence and adulthood, and it is important to analize various aspects on resocialization in sport contexts.

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