JLTA Journal
Online ISSN : 2189-9746
Print ISSN : 2189-5341
ISSN-L : 2189-5341
The Effects of Retelling on Reading Comprehension: Focusing on Different Levels of Comprehension and Non-Textual Information in Retelling Protocols
Satoshi ITO
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2021 Volume 24 Pages 23-42


This study examines the effects of retelling on reading comprehension at the textbase and situation-model levels and assesses whether the non-textual information appearing in retelling protocols, which differs from the literal information of a text, correlates with comprehension at both levels. In the experiment, 54 Japanese students from one of Japan’s National Institutes of Technology participated and were divided into two groups. Participants in one group read two expository texts and answered multiple-choice questions on the texts. Participants in the other group read the same texts, but before answering the questions, they retold the stories. Data from 44 participants were analyzed statistically. Contrary to the results of the previous studies, the facilitating effects of retelling on reading comprehension were not confirmed at either the textbase level or the situation-model level. Specifically, the results of the Kruskal–Wallis test indicated that comprehension at the situation-model level might significantly differ depending on the with- or without-retelling conditions and participants’ English proficiency, whereas post-hoc multiple comparisons did not report which condition yielded a significant difference. The low reproduction rates of information in the retelling protocols suggested that the participants in this study remained in the shallow processing of memorizing the literal information of a text, which did not contribute to constructing a situation model. The frequency at which non-textual information occurred did not correlate with comprehension at the textbase or situation-model levels, but the very low occurrence of non-textual information could indicate a problem with comprehension, especially among high proficiency learners.

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この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 改変禁止 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
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