Journal of Nippon Medical School
Online ISSN : 1347-3409
Print ISSN : 1345-4676
ISSN-L : 1345-4676
Microinjection of Different Doses of Corticotropin-releasing Factor into the Medial Prefrontal Cortex Produces Effects Opposing Anxiety-related Behavior in Rats
Hisayuki OhataTamotsu Shibasaki
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2011 Volume 78 Issue 5 Pages 286-292


Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is suggested to play an important role in mediating fear, anxiety, and depression. The results of the studies of the actions of CRF in the mPFC regarding anxiety-related behavior, however, seem contradictory. In one study, microinjection of CRF into the mPFC produced an increase in anxiety-related behavior on the elevated plus maze, whereas in another study CRF produced an anxiolytic-like effect. To test whether the different doses of CRF used in these experiments are responsible for the differing results, we examined the dose-dependent effects of CRF (0.015, 0.05, 0.15, 0.5, and 1.0 μg/0.5 μL/site) microinjected into the bilateral mPFC of male Wistar rats on anxiety-related behavior in the elevated plus maze. We found that microinjection of 0.05 μg CRF significantly decreased the number of open-arm entries, whereas 1.0 μg CRF significantly increased the time spent on the open arms. The results indicate that CRF has effects opposing anxiety-related behavior in the elevated plus maze: anxiety-related behavior at a lower dose and an anxiolytic-like effect at a higher dose.

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© 2011 by the Medical Association of Nippon Medical School
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