Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Online ISSN : 1881-7742
Print ISSN : 0301-4800
ISSN-L : 0301-4800
Regular Paper
Comparison of Two Strategies to Increase Serum Vitamin D Levels in a Real-World Setting: Sunlight Exposure and Oral Supplementation
Su Hwan CHOJae Moon YUNJi Eun LEEHyejin LEEHee-Kyung JOHBelong CHO
ジャーナル フリー

2021 年 67 巻 6 号 p. 384-390


Sunlight exposure and oral supplementation are the key strategies to increase serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration. We aimed to determine elevation in serum 25(OH)D levels by comparing sunlight exposure and oral vitamin D supplementation in vitamin D-deficient participants who chose the treatment strategy by shared decision-making. We enrolled 197 participants aged ≥19 y who had vitamin D deficiency (serum 25(OH)D<20 ng/mL). Participants selected their treatment method through shared decision-making by preference: sunlight exposure or 1,000 IU oral vitamin D3 supplementation daily. Changes in serum 25(OH)D concentration and duration of sunlight exposure were evaluated after 3 mo. Among 197 participants, 26 (13%) selected sunlight exposure and 171 (87%) selected oral vitamin D supplementation. Seasonal distribution of participants and follow-up rate after 3 mo were not significantly different. There was no significant increase in mean serum 25(OH)D levels in the sunlight exposure group. Conversely, the mean serum 25(OH)D level increased by 11 ng/mL after 3 mo in the oral vitamin D supplementation group. The duration of mean sunlight exposure per day during the study period was not significantly different between the groups. Oral supplementation with 1,000 IU vitamin D3 daily significantly increased serum 25(OH)D levels in vitamin D-deficient participants after 3 mo, while sunlight exposure did not. This study suggests that oral supplementation is more effective than sun exposure in increasing vitamin D levels in the Korean population. Therefore, new recommendations on maintaining adequate vitamin D levels are needed in the Korean population.

© 2021 by the Center for Academic Publications Japan
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