2022 Volume 68 Issue 2 Pages 120-126
In spite of the remarkable advances in novel drug and revascularization procedure, in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains a major complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between green tea consumption and the incidence of ISR. The study population consisted of 1,509 patients who underwent PCI with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation from January 2017 to December 2019. Patients were divided into ISR and non-ISR group according to the results of coronary angiography reexamination about 1 y after PCI. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between green tea consumption and the risk of ISR. ISR occurred in 157/1,509 patients (10.4%) by follow-up coronary angiography. After adjusting for other confounding factors, green tea consumption was associated with a reduced risk of ISR (OR 0.653, 95%CI 0.460–0.926, p=0.017). The risk of ISR tended to decline with an increase in the quantity of green tea consumed (adjusted p for trend=0.006). The adjusted ORs for those consuming 125–249 g and ≥250 g of dried green tea leaves per month were 0.579 (95%CI, 0.346–0.970, p=0.038) and 0.501 (95%CI, 0.270–0.932, p=0.029), respectively, compared with non-tea drinkers. Moreover, significant dose-response relationships were also observed for both frequency (adjusted p for trend=0.011) and concentration (adjusted p for trend=0.004) of green tea intake on the risk of ISR. Green tea consumption can protect against the development of ISR in a Chinese population.