Journal of Oleo Science
Online ISSN : 1347-3352
Print ISSN : 1345-8957
ISSN-L : 1345-8957
Detergents and Interface Science
Formation and Cleansing Performance of Bicontinuous Microemulsions in Water/Poly (oxyethylene) Alkyl Ether/Ester-Type Oil Systems
Kenji AramakiKosuke TawaLok Kumar ShresthaTetsuro IwanagaMiho Kamada
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2013 Volume 62 Issue 10 Pages 803-808


Phase behaviors in water/poly(oxyethylene) dodecyl ether (C12EOn, n = 4, 6, 8)/cetyl isooctanoate (CIO) systems were studied. In the C12EO6 and C12EO8 systems, self-assembled structures with positive curvatures, such as O/W microemulsions, and micellar cubic and hexagonal phases, were observed. A wider region of a lamellar liquid-crystalline phase, which included a narrow microemulsion region joined by a miscibility gap, was observed in the C12EO4 system. The structure of the microemulsion phase in the C12EO4 system was characterized by pulsed-field-gradient NMR (PFG-NMR) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques. PFG-NMR measurements indicated that the structure of the microemulsion was bicontinuous; both water and oil phases were continuous within the microemulsion. Pair-distance distribution function, p (r), and structure factors obtained by Generalized Indirect Fourier Transformation (GIFT) analysis of the SAXS data showed that the microemulsion domain sizes decreased with an increase in the oil content. The structure of the bicontinuous microemulsion was consistent with the results of a detergency test, in which the microemulsion samples were applied to lipstick dirt on an artificial skin plate. Detergency was observed to be better for the microemulsion at lower oil contents because of the larger oil domain size at these low concentrations.

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© 2013 by Japan Oil Chemists' Society
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