2018 Volume 67 Issue 12 Pages 1609-1616
Surface properties of cast films of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) containing 1 wt% of several glycolipid-type biosurfactants (BSs) were investigated. The wettability of PLA films containing a homologue of mannosylerythritol lipids (MEL-B), lactone-form sophorolipid (LSL), or cellobiose lipid (CL) was drastically higher than that of untreated PLA and several synthetic surfactants-containing PLA. Surface wettability was also dependent on the hydrophilicity of the substrate used during solvent casting of the PLA films. The wetting behavior of the opposing sides of MEL-B-containing films prepared on glass substrates differed significantly; the contact angle on the side of the film that had been in contact with the glass surface was significantly lower than that obtained on the side of the film that had been in contact with air. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) analysis results showed that the MEL in MEL-B-containing thin PLA cast films was localized to a thin surface layer. These results suggest self-assembly of MEL-B and micro-phase separation between the PLA matrix and MEL-B domains. This resulted in the localization and orientation of MEL-B at the surface of the cast PLA film, which determined its specific wetting behavior.