Article ID: ess18076
PURPOSE: Xanthophylls that exist in various vegetables and fruits have beneficial actions, such as antioxidant activity and an anti-metabolic syndrome effect, and daily intake of xanthophylls could play an important role in preventing lifestyle-related diseases. We investigated whether intake of xanthophylls from red paprika could decrease the abdominal fat area in the healthy overweight volunteers with a body mass index (BMI) ranging from 25 to < 30 kg/m2.
METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study, 100 healthy volunteers were assigned to oral administration of paprika xanthophyll capsules (containing 9.0 mg of paprika xanthophylls) or placebo capsules for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was the effect of paprika xanthophyll intake on the abdominal visceral fat area (VFA) as determined by computed tomography. The secondary endpoints were as follows: 1) changes of the abdominal subcutaneous fat area (SFA), total fat area (TFA), and BMI; 2) changes of lipid metabolism parameters, glucose metabolism parameters, and other blood parameters.
RESULTS: After 12 weeks, VFA was smaller in the paprika xanthophyll group than in the placebo group. In the paprika xanthophyll group, there was a significant decrease of SFA, TFA, and BMI after 12 weeks compared with baseline, and the reduction of SFA, TFA, and BMI was significantly greater in the paprika xanthophyll group than in the placebo group. Moreover, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly in the paprika xanthophyll group, but not in the placebo group. No adverse effects were caused by intake of paprika xanthophyll capsules.
CONCLUSIONS: Intake of paprika xanthophylls for 12 weeks significantly reduced the abdominal fat area and BMI in healthy overweight volunteers without causing any adverse effects. These findings suggest that paprika xanthophyll is a safe food ingredient that improves lipid metabolism and reduces abdominal fat. Trial registration: UMIN-CTR UMIN000021529